Enter the Wyvern – Eye of the Wyvern: Session 4

Strange times, being in lock down in the UK amid the COVID-19 epidemic. With myself, Sian, and Ouro all free because of the lock down, we took the time to hold an extra session to finish of the Eye of the Wyvern. It was a bit of luck that we did, because shortly after an issue with my PC monitor means that I was unable to run a game last Thursday, and left me without a decent PC for the best part of a week. I really hate not having a decent, working computer, but enough about my woes. It’s time to get into those of the PCs…

We left the party having just defeated the goblin shaman in the ruins of an old temple. There, the party faced off against goblins and wyvernlings, including the shaman’s pet, and discovered a map along with some very useful items – elixirs of health and scrolls of protection from poison. The map showed the falls and the temple marked out, as well as a cave marked out further up the trail.

Heading up the trail, the party soon found themselves heading up a narrow ravine. At the far end, a landslide had revealed an opening in the side where a glint of red shone in the setting sun. As the party approached, the sun’s final rays hit the red object, and the form of a wyvernling started to form in front of it. The party had found the source of the beasts plaguing the farmers of Wyvern Falls – an artefact that they would soon discover to be the Eye of the Wyvern.

Peregrine and Sunblaze decided to advance along the sides of the ravine to approach the glittering gem, covered by Darkblade and Niles. As they approach, the wyvernling solidified, and prepared to attack the party.

Unfortunately, the party were so focused on trying to reach the wyvernling and the gem, that they were surprised when a mighty wyvern, who had been using the cave as a lair, returned over the mountain ridge. With a roar, the wyvern pounced into the middle of the party.

Darkblade was closest to the beast, and was hard pressed to defend himself against it’s claws. Worse was the wyvern’s tail, as it’s stinger struck home, and injected a deadly poison into Darkblade’s heart, stopping it dead. Darkblade slumped down, out of the fight.

Luckily for Darkblade, both Peregrine and Niles used the scrolls of protection against poison, and advanced on the wyvern. Protected, the wyvern’s poison was no longer a threat, but it’s stinger and claws were still  a deadly threat, as was revealed when the wyvern savaged Niles, taking him down from the fight. During this time, Peregrine managed to revive Darkblade with the last of his healing abilities. However, this left Peregrine unable to heal himself when the Wyvern finally managed to tear through the Paladin’s plate mail armour and take him down.

Behind the Wyvern, Sunblaze struggled to fend off the wyvernling. She was isolated and alone, as the other three party members struggled with the Wyvern. It would take all of her energy to defeat the small beast, dispatching it with her blade. After a quick breather, Sunblayze decided to charge the Wyvern. The beast retaliated, stinging the elf, and immediately stopping her heart.

Even as Sunblaze went down, her sacrifice proved to be the heroic distraction that Darkblade needed, for he managed to strike the beast with a mighty blow, forcing it to flee it’s lair. With that, Darkblade managed to revive Sunblayze with the last of his potion of healing. Unfortunately, there was nothing to be done for Peregrine and Niles.

Having defeated and driven off their foes, Darkblade and Sunblayze destroyed the Eye of the Wyvern, deciding that it was too dangerous to leave the gem intact. They took Niles’ bag of holding, to store the loot they had discovered in the cave – a treasure trove of coins and gems, along with several magical weapons. Once they packed everything they could, they started on the long and awkward journey back to Wyvern Falls with the bodies of their two deceased comrades.

Back at Wyvern Falls, Darkblade and Sunblayze were welcomed as heroes. There was a subdued celebration, when an emissary of the Patriarch paid tribute to the heroes. The heroic sacrifices of Niles and Peregrine were noted, before the emissary revealed that she had been authourised by the Patriarch to raise any fallen members of the party from the dead.

The following morning, the emissary raised the two fallen adventurers. Although weakened, the party decided to make the journey back to Haven, where they met up with Elanna, Thaddeus, Thordar, and Michifer in the inn, who had returned from a successful expedition to the Tomb of Alaxus.

Reunited once again, the party would take some time to recover, awaiting for their next adventures. Who knows what the future will bring for our brave heroes?

Shaman in Ruins – Eye of the Wyvern Session 3

The Covid-19 outbreak is affecting everyone right now, with myself and Sian first being forced to self-isolate for two weeks, and then being told that we have to stay indoors for twelve further weeks as part of the NHS Shielding Programme. So that’s basically three months where Sian is not only not at work (but luckily with full pay, for now) but also can’t go outside.

The self-isolation was warranted because my persistant cough got significantly worse, so I was in no state to game. As such, I took the decision to cancel the game for two weeks, so I could recover. The plan was that after the self-isolation, Sian was to be going back to work, and things would get back to relatively normal, so it made sense that our gaming sessions should too.

Unfortunately, three months is a bit too long to cancel our gaming, as evidenced by the three-month hiatus we were forced to take last summer as our house guests from New Zealand came to stay. So, we have deicded to return to gaming as per normal. However, the shielding has opened up a pretty cool opportunity – we get to have catch up sessions when we are all available, and the first of these is scheduled for Good Friday (10th April 2020). Currently, this is in the future as I write this, simply because I know that I will forget the events of the session the day before, and fail to write them up.

So, what happened in this session? We returned with our party approaching what they suspect is the source of the wyvernlings harrassing Wyvern Falls. They has spent the best part of a day travelling up the path by the waterfall that gave the small community hamlet it’s name, and followed the trail from the top. Having travelled through a ravine, the area opened into a rocky meadow just as night began to fall. In the centre, a large bonfire roared, and gutteral singing could be heard.

The party sneaked forwards, trying to get a closer look. Unfortunately, it seems like stealth isn’t the party’s strongpoint, and only Peregrine, the platemail-clad paladin, managed to get close enough to have a good look at what was a group of goblins led by a shaman in some sort of ceremony. Next to him, the largest wyvernling they had ever seen was held by a chain by the Shaman, and some smaller specimens were held in a cage. This ceremony was being held amidst what could now be determined to be the ruins of an old temple.

The wyvernlings in the cage began to stir, and the party felt that they were about to be spotted. Seizing the initiative, Sunblayze, Niles, and Darkblade all opened fire on the goblin shaman, who presented too tempting a target standing on the ruined altar beyond the bonfire, appearing like some sort of demon. Two arrows flew true, hitting the goblin in the chest. Although such a volley might have felled any other goblin, the shaman was fuelled by religious fervour and remained standing. Meanwhile, Peregrine, who managed to get closer than the others opted to hide among the ruins of the outer wall of the temple, awaiting the inevitable counter-attack.

The counter-attack was swift in coming, but a lot more organised than the party gave the cunning goblins credit for. The shaman dropped the chains to the large wyvernling, who leapt over the goblins and through the bonfire to rush at the enemies attacking his beloved master. The goblins also surged fowards around the bonfire, preparing to engage the enemy. All except one goblin, who instead went to the cage to release the three smaller wyvernlings trapped within. The goblin shaman moved behind a ruined column, seeking cover and an opportunity to engage the enemy in melee, where he could use his spells in combat.

Darkblade advanced closer into the ruins, aiming to intercept anyone intending to attack Sunblayze, whilst trying to get a shot off at the charging goblins. Meanwhile, Sunblayze and Niles provided somewhat ineffective covering fire. Peregrine remained hidden, preparing to ambush anyone charging Niles.

Unfortunately for Peregrine, the large wyvernling was the one who charged Niles, failing to spot the cleverly hidden Paladin. The creature charged right past Peregrine, focused on the weaker and more obvious target. Peregrine attempted to attack the creature as he passed, but was unprepared for the swiftness of the beast. The large wyvernling was soon on Niles, savaging him with claws and tails. Niles was poisoned, suffering from sickness as the poison coursed through his veins.

Peregrine was unable to help the beleaguered halfling, as he was soon set upon by two of the smaller wyvernlings himself. Darkblade was attacked by a few goblins. One of the wyvernlings even managed to reach Sunblayze, and attacked her with claws and tails, sickening her too. Meanwhile, the goblin shaman crept around behind Darkblade, and chanting evil prayers, struck the fighter with his bare hands, now covered in a glowing nimbus of dark magic.

Melee had been joined, and all the characters were being pressed in battle. They were isolated from each other, and each had to fend for themselves. Unless the tide turned soon, there wouldn’t be any help from their team mates. Sunblayze stepped back from the wyvernling attacking her, and blasted the creature with her sole magic missile spell, killing it.

Niles wasn’t so lucky, and whilst putting up a valiant fight, he was felled by the wyvernling’s deadly claws. The creature howled in delight and bloodlust. Darkblade found himself fighting off two goblins, with the shaman behind him. Darkblade decided that the shaman was the deadliest enemy, and slew him with an emphatic sword thrust.

Peregrine struggled to fend off his enemies, two wyvernlings and the last remaining goblin. Shielded as he was in his platemail, Peregrine at least held up is opponents. Sunblayze, having defeated her enemy, was now free to assist the others. Still sickened, she stumbled across to the goblin attacking Peregrine, and attacked with her longsword, giving the Paladin the break he needed to finally dispatch his foes.

Darkblade finished off the remaining goblins facing him, and in a death-defying heroic effort, he charged the large wyvernling that had taken down Niles. Before the beast knew what was happening as he was crowing after his victory, Darkblade was there, and has thrust his longsword through the creature’s heart from behind with both hands.

The fighting over, the party recovered. Peregrine roused Niles after laying his hands upon him, and the party used elixirs of health to cure the sickness. The party searched the shaman, recovering a map that seemed to show the falls and the temple, as well as a cavern further up the trail. It was clear that the adventure wasn’t over just yet, and more work needed to be done.

Searching behind the altar, the party recovered the shaman’s satchel. Inside, they found 500 gold coins and two rubies. More importantly for them though, besides the valuables, the party found two vials of what they suspected to be elixirs of health from it’s common spearmint smell, and two scrolls that had been marked as protection from poison. These would clearly come in handy as they ventured further to find the source of the creatures attacking Wyvern Falls…

Pacing in the Wilderness

Eye of the Wyvern is a wilderness adventure, and I thought that I would talk about the differences in pacing when running a wilderness adventure.

The Plot-Driven Adventure

Firstly, it should be noted that there are several different types of wilderness adventure. Eye of the Wyvern is an event-driven adventure, where the party moves from one encounter to another by the decisions they make. It’s a rather simple linear adventure, as most of the encounters are sequential. In between such encounters, you have routine tasks like setting up camp and keeping watch.

In such adventures, the pacing is often one significant encounter each day, with the party at nearly full strength, allowing them to be slightly tougher than you might find in a dungeon environment. This significant encounter might not just be during the day though, as night time encounters, and planned campsite ambushes might also be possibilities. Alternatively, there might be fewer, weaker encounters, which the PCs can be expected to overcome whilst travelling in the wilderness.

The Road Trip

Similar to the plot-driven adventure, you might have the journey or road trip. Typically, these adventures don’t necessarily focus on the wilderness, instead having the PCs move between sites of interest such as settlements and adventure locations. In such adventures, the party might have random encounters in the wilderness on their journey, but the chances of this vary, and sometimes GMs will skip these encounters entirely, especially if the journey is part of an adventure.

For example, Wrath of the Minotaur had the party move through the wilderness to the Tomb of Alaxus, but there were no encounters along the route. The journey was covered by a cut-scene, and the adventure focused more on exploring the tomb.

The Cut Scene Journey

The GM might also use this approach when moving the party between adventures, such as from their starting town to another settlement that serves as the start for their next adventure. Once again, the journey may be handled by a cut-scene rather than worrying about random encounters.

When PCs do have random encounters in the wilderness, these are often stronger than when in the dungeon, as it is often assumed that the random encounter will be the significant encounter for the day. It should also be noted that quite often, the GM will use a “status quo” approach to wilderness encounters, where the encounters are not necessarily scaled to party level, and that the party will be able to run from any overpowering encounters. This often makes wilderness encounters much more dangerous than dungeon encounters.

The Hex Crawl

A final type of wilderness adventure is the exploration, often referred to as a “hex crawl” adventure. In these adventures, the party is exploring the wilderness much like they would a dungeon. However, where as a dungeon often confines the party to specific routes, wilderness exploration typically allows the party the freedom to explore in any direction, barring any natural features that the party either cannot or will find difficult to overcome.

For example, in an adventure where the party has to explore the wilderness, they will sometimes find the area they get to explore confined by land-based obstacles like cliffs and mountains, or water-based obstacles like rivers and seas. Such obstacles may be crossed with preparation, however, like getting a ship to explore the ocean, but these can often be an adventure in itself.

In terms of encounters when exploring, besides possible random encounters as above, the party will typically comes across sites of interest. These sites could be simple encounters, or may be settlements or dungeons that the party can explore and replenish supplies. These sites will often become the significant encounter of the day, otherwise an empty hex might have a random encounter.

Hex Crawl in The Vale

We haven’t currently had a “hex crawl” adventure in the campaign, especially as the players have tackled adventures throughout The Vale already. As such, the Vale is pretty much explored and mapped, although the could easily be other sites of interest hidden within.

It should be noted that the exploration adventure has fallen out of favour over the past decade or so, as it can be tedious and repetitive to explore any wilderness hex by hex. Plus, such adventures often only take place on the fringes of settled lands, and quite often campaigns focus on more populated areas, especially if they focus on intrigue and politics, rather than exploration. It can take a LOT of work to prepare a wilderness exploration adventure, and even more work to justify it within the context of a campaign. Instead, the plot-driven or road trip adventure types are often used instead, as they are easier and quicker to apply and justify within a campaign.

Wilderness Pacing

Ultimately though, whatever type of wilderness adventure you are having, it’s often the case that the party will have only one significant encounter per day, and this typically translates to only one or two significant encounters per session.

Ambushed! – Eye of the Wyvern Session 2

GMing can be hard, and stressful, at times. This week’s session was one of those times. Having left the adventure on a cliffhanger, everyone was riding high and looking to get into a fight with some wyvernlings in the barn at “Bobbie’s” farm.

The encounter itself was fairly easy. There were four wyvernlings in the barn. Two were at the end of the barn attacking the cows, who were mooing noisily to attract the heroes. The other two where hidden in the hayloft that surrounded the walls of the barn, waiting by the doors to ambush any heroes that entered.

The Distressing Doors

Naturally, the heroes wanted to open the doors, and after rolling initiative, Sian went first with Peregrine. Because of the ambush, I wanted to make sure that I knew where Peregrine was when the doors were opened. Unfortunately, Sian wasn’t very clear on her intentions, and got frustrated as she tried to explain to me what she wanted to do. Ouro got frustrated as well, and they were both demanding me to just “open the damn door.” As things got heated, said no and downed tools, taking ten minutes out to cool off.

Turns out that what Sian wanted Peregrine to do was to open the double doors, stepping backwards so that the door was between Peregrine and the barn. This provided cover to Peregrine, and allowed the others to see into, and possibly enter, the barn. However, this wasn’t what she was saying to me, and I was unable to see how Peregrine was trying to open the door AND see inside the barn himself.

Resuming Normal Service

Anyways, after cooling off, and a bit more explaining from Sian to clarify what she wanted Peregrine to do, we got back into the encounter. The heroes cautiously approached the barn, standing in the doorway and taking the wyvernlings by the cows with ranged weapons.

The wyvernlings displayed their rudimentary cunning – instead of mindlessly charging the heroes in the doorway, the two wyvernlings by the cows used the pillars supporting the hayloft as cover to approach the party, preventing ranged attacks from the doorway. Meanwhile, the two wyvernlings up in the hayloft held still, and waited to a more opportune time to spring their trap.

The Wyvernlings Strike

The heroes slowly entered the barn, and also used cover from pillars supporting the hayloft to try and attack the wyvernlings from range. However, in doing this, they had to split up and move away from the doorway and under the hayloft. It was only after Sunblayze and Peregrine had moved under the hayloft that Darkblade managed to spot the wyverns up above, moments before they sprung their ambush.

Darkblade shouted a warning and attacked one of the wyverns in the hayloft with his longbow. This warning was enough to give Peregrine time to turn around before the wyvernlings sprung their trap and left down behind him. This effectively split the party, and melee was joined.

The combat was swift and brutal from there, and soon all four wyvernlings had been dispatched by sword and bow. Somehow, the heroes had managed to make it through relatively unscathed.

The Heroes Victorious

With the excitement over, the farmers shouted their approval and held an impromptu celebration at “Bobbie’s” farm, where the party was invited to stay the night. Old John told the party to prepare, as they would be heading into the mountains and exploring beyond the falls, to find out where the creatures were coming from. In addition, Murri suggested that the party take the supplies he had brought to Wyvern Falls, giving them two potions of healing and three elixirs of health. He then got out his sock puppet theatre and proceeded to tell the heroic tale of Murri the Mighty Wyvern Slayer, who had taught the heroes all they needed to know in order to defeat the “beasties in the barn.”

Yet Another Cliffhanger

The following day, the party set off, climbing the falls and following the river beyond. It was hard going, and the party didn’t make much headway into the mountains, but as evening approached and the sun set, the party heard a strange gutteral chanting ahead.

Here is where the session ended, providing yet another cliffhanger to resolve. Could this be the final battle –  the cause of the wyvernling attack?

Session Debriefing

I would like to note that after the session, Ouro spoke to me about the issues within the session. He said that he thought that I was being a jerk, and that I was making a joke by not opening the door. I explained my reasoning, and stated that I do not appreciate being called a jerk. We both put it down to miscommunication in the end, but Ouro’s feedback was useful in a way.

Turns out that Ouro had been expecting an ambush, and he said that my concerns about party placement opening the door due to the wyvernling ambush was unfounded. He said that I should have just kept the game going, and let any misplacement happen. I noted that my concern is largely down to my reputation as a “murder GM” – one that is entirely unwarranted in most cases, especially since none of the PCs have actually died yet.

In Reflection

Personally, it’s not nice to have a session breakdown like this one did, but I am glad that I was able to take a break and cool off, before returning. I am not sure that I would have returned, if Sian hadn’t asked me to. I was tempted to end the session and restart the following week. It’s not often that the pressure of being a GM gets to me, to the point that I want to end the session, but I got to that point this week.

Still, looking back at it, having been able to cool off, and afterwards, putting it down to miscommunication, what else should I expect from three autistic gamers? But that’s what makes the game fun, and we will all get better with time. Plus, there were no hard feelings following the session. That’s one thing I will praise our group for – we are all able to speak openly about how we feel, even when we annoy each other or get frustrated, without bearing any grudges. That, I think, is what makes our group strong in the end.

Into the Wilderness – Eye of the Wyvern: Session 1

After a week hiatus, because The Ruined Tower and Wrath of the Minotaur were so draining, we commenced with the second of the Dungeons and Dragons Fast-Play adventures: Eye of the Wyvern.

As a wilderness adventure, Eye of the Wyvern has a different pace than the Ruined Tower or Wrath of the Minotaur, since the adventure consists of discrete events in the wilderness, rather than rooms in a dungeon. That means a lot of maps detailing various encounter areas, rather than a single dungeon map to explore.

Because of the fact that there are more maps, many of which are generic wilderness maps, wilderness adventures are slightly more work to prepare for Roll 20, as you need to provide battle maps even for generic areas like campsites.

However, they are also less work, because the pace of the adventure dictates that there will be fewer, but tougher, encounters that are spaced out by time, rather than whether or not the PCs enter a room or not. As such, the GM has much more control over how and when the encounters occur, and is able to more fully dictate the pacing of the adventure.

It was great to finally be able to use the map of The Vale as an actual map that tokens were moved on, rather than just a reference of where adventures were taking place. This made making the map of The Vale seem much more useful than just a vanity project for myself as GM.

Turning Back Time

The party of Elanna, Michifer, Thaddeus, and Thordar went to explore the Tomb of Alaxus, the Minotaur Mage, having set off in the morning, starting a three day trek through the mountains. As we saw in their adventures, they would spend two days in the Tomb, before making the three day trek back with all their loot after defeating the Minotaur mage. This means that party would be away for a total of eight days.

So, with that, we returned to the party of Darkblade, Peregrine, Niles, and Sunblayze, that had elected to remain behind in case of trouble, taking time back to when the other party had left. They didn’t have to wait long for an adventure of their own – the following day the Patriarch called for them to attend his office at noon.

The remaining party members dutifully attended, and it turns out that their help was needed once more. Three merchants had returned to Haven from their regular trip to Wyvern Falls, a small farming outpost in the north of the Vale, bringing with them a request for aid from the farmers of the area. The merchants told of how the farmers were being attacked by beasts from the wilderness, and continued attacks put the farmers, their families, and their livestock in danger.

The Patriarch nodded sagely, and gave the heroes their orders. They were to prepare to leave Haven the following morning and head to Wyvern Falls, in order to help the farmers end the menace, and kill whatever beasts were attacking them. Wyvern Falls was three days journey away, along a well known trail through the Vale.

The party were then dismissed, as they seemed not in the mood to ask any questions, instead more focused on their preparations. My players seemed to be getting more used to some of the threats they would face, and thus opted to purchase some additional weapons and armour for their characters. Sian, in particular, decided that Sunblayze the Spellsword was particularly fragile, and thus elected to get her a shortbow and some ring mail for the adventure ahead.

The Journey Begins

Preparations done, the action moved to the following day, where the party were met by the Patriarch just before they departed Haven. The Patriarch wished them luck, and handed them a map of the Vale and a letter of introduction, before seeing them off on the journey to Wyvern Falls.

The fun part of any wilderness adventure has to be camping, as the party starts to establish an order for how they will rest overnight. With this, I bought out a generic campsite battle map I had found. I knew their were to be no encounters in the night, but I wanted my players to think that there might be, so I got them to decide upon guard schedules. Once they were done, I told them that there were no encounters and we returned to the map of the Vale.

During the next day, the party travelled and encountered Murri, a travelling halfling merchant who was also heading to Wyvern Falls. Murri told the party that the farmers had been attacked by poisonous creatures, which Ouro asserted were Wyverns. As such, the farmers had clubbed together to give Murri the funds to purchase some potions of healing and elixirs of health in order to help the farmers deal with the menace. Murri offered to sell these to the party, but the party declined. So, instead, Murri offered to travel with the party to Wyvern Falls.

Attack in the Night

It was getting dark just after their encounter with Murri, so the party and their halfling travelling companion opted to share the campsite that was so well known on the route. The party set their standard guard schedule, and Murri promptly went to sleep, snoring loudly.

That night, there was to be an encounter. Three creatures approached the camp around midnight, just as Darkblade was handing over to Niles and preparing to sleep. Darkblade had just removed his armour when they both heard the approach. Within moments, the three creatures emerged from the bushes and were upon the camp. Combat had started.

Niles bravely rushed to defend the camp. Darkblade emerged, unarmoured, to face the creatures as well, but not before waking Peregrine up with a swift kick to the head. Peregrine rose, and woke Sunblayze up with a swift kick to the head, before beginning to don his armour. Peregrine wore platemail, and thus it would take two turns for the paladin to be ready to fight. Sunblayze likewise donned her armour, but the much lighter ring mail would only take a round to don.

Darkblade and Niles bravely fought the beasts, and soon Sunblayze was ready to lend a hand with her shortbow. The dispatched one on the creatures, but were hard pressed against the other two. Peregrine emerged to turn the tables against the beasts, but not before one of them had managed to land Niles a grievous blow, taking him down and out of the fight.

Luckily, Peregrine was able to use his Lay on Hands ability to save Niles from certain death, and they soon got the unlucky halfling patched up and back on his feet. A nights rest, and further healing from Peregrine saw Niles soon recover some of his fighting strength.

In the morning, Murri was aghast that he had slept through the night’s excitement, and offered the party his healing items at a reduced rate, telling them that the farmers would understand. However, the party declined, and together the party and the travelling halfling merchant finished their journey and reached Wyvern Falls.

Arriving at Wyvern Falls

Whatever the party were expecting at Wyvern Falls, this wasn’t it, as the outpost was little more than a permanent wooden structure where the local farmers could meet up. They were greeted by a young boy called Bobbie, who was posted to await their arrival whilst the adults continued about their work.

Bobbie was mightily impressed with the exploits of these heroes, and Murri was all too eager to explain how he had found these heroes and they had already faced off against some of the beasts when they camped the night before. Wowed, Bobbie immediately raced off to inform his parents that the heroes had arrived, and that a meeting was to be called in Wyvern Falls that evening.

Within hours, farmers started arriving from across the region to attend the meeting at Wyvern Falls. One farmer is identified as Old John, the informal leader of the farmers. Old John calls the meeting to order, informing the attendees that the party is there from Haven to help deal with the creatures attacking their farms.

During the meeting, Old John motions for a steely-eyed old woman called Ferga to speak to the party. Ferga relates how she spotted these beasts coming from the falls nearby that the outpost of Wyvern Falls is named after. That is where the creatures’ lair will be.

Just then Bobbie returns with grave news. The creatures are attacking his farm! Old John looks at the party and states that this is where they start proving their worth as heroes. This seemed like a suitable cliffhanger upon which to end the session…